Minerals perform important functions as cofactors in many enzymatic processes in our body.
A deficiency of one mineral can lead to a situation that certain processes function less well, or even (undesirable) go faster. This can be explained because minerals work as antagonists (minerals with opposite effects like copper – zinc) or function as synergists (reinforce each other effect such as calcium, magnesium and zinc). Therefore, the mutual relationship of minerals, the «balance ratio» is of great importance. This ratio has on its own reference values. Minerals research has been used formany yearsfor identifyingdeficienciesin diseases. For example, one can examinehigh blood pressureor edema by measuring sodium and potassium. Some people do these examination to preventthese diseases.When a deficit is found, additional minerals will have to be taken, and after a certain time have to be checked if the deficit is eliminated. Some minerals in the body can be very favorable in a certain shape, but less favorable, or even toxic in a different shape. Mineral research can therefore also be used to investigate the toxic load.